By Peter J. Nash

February 1, 2016

All hell has broken loose in the hobby now that the Mastro shill bid list was released in Doug Allen’s court filings for his upcoming sentencing in Chicago Federal Court. The list was originally generated by the Government in its case against Bill Mastro and his shill bidding henchmen.  The list includes the names of several prominent hobby figures who are identified as shill-bidders and consignors of lots that were illegally shill-bid by friends or associates.

-Mastro Auctions executives Bill Mastro, Doug Allen, Mark Theotokis and William Boehme appear all over the list which includes auction sales spanning from 2007 to 2008 with a small section devoted to auctions in 2002.  In the course of the FBI investigation of Mastro it was revealed that the auction company had destroyed previous bidding records before 2007.

-Dan Knoll, a former Mastro associate, appears on the list shilling several auction lots.  One source familiar with the Mastro case suggested that Knoll’s shill bidding may have given the government extra leverage against him to make him wear the wire that picked up Mastro’s admission that he had, in fact, fraudulently trimmed the now infamous Gretzky-McNall T206 Honus Wagner card.

-REA Auction head Rob Lifson, who knew Mastro had trimmed the Wagner card and committed fraud when he sold the same card at auction with Mastro in 2000, appears on the list as consigning his own property to a 2002 Mastro sale which was shill-bid by Andrew “Flip” Filipowski.  At the time Lifson was an owner of MastroNet Inc. and a fellow board member with Filipowski. After the list was made public, Lifson posted on Net54 stating he had no knowledge of the shill-bidding: “I (as the consignor) had nothing to do with the shill bidding, did not work with anyone to get my lot shilled, and most certainly did not want my lot shilled. There is much additional fascinating information about this lot and the case in general which I choose not to share here (as this is not the time and place) but I will add this: The consignor-portion of the funds stolen by Mastro Auctions via shill bidding against the high left bid on this lot were sent to me against my wishes and were immediately returned by wire (as opposed to check as my attorney said he was concerned they might just not cash the check) and the FBI was given all information, and this played a significant role in launching the entire investigation. As I have said, there is much additional information, but please excuse that I will not be posting more about this right now.”

-Rob Lifson was scheduled to appear as a witness for the government in the Mastro trial before plea deals were accepted by all of the indicted parties.  It is well known within the hobby that Lifson ratted-out his former partner, Bill Mastro and avoided prosecution for his own alleged involvement in illegal activities (including fraudulently advertising and promoting the condition of the Wagner card) while working as an executive at MastroNet.  The shill bidding list also revealed that Lifson purchased one of the shilled items consigned by his partner Bill Mastro in the 2002 auction.  Lifson paid $1,321.35 for a 1910 “Won In The Ninth” pinback button which was shill bid by “Frank DiRoberto.” Lifson is not listed as a victim by the government on that lot.

-Keith Olbermann was listed as the victim and buyer of Lifson’s consigned lot and appears to have been victimized on several other Mastro purchases.  Also appearing as a buyer and victim on several lots was director Penny Marshall and New York Yankees owner Hal Steinbrenner who lost over $30,000 bidding on baseball card sets.

-Net54 moderator, Leon Luckey, appears on the list as a victim but several sources have disputed his “victim” status. One source who is familiar with the Mastro case told us that Luckey, a convicted felon and former drug dealer, was a serial shill-bidder in sales that Mastro destroyed the bidding records for.  As for the items on the released list, Luckey bought shilled lots that were consigned by Net54 member JC Clarke.  Another source told us he believes Luckey was involved in Clarke’s shill-bid scheme and said, “The government determined him to be a victim because someone bid before his last bid. Nothing more. However the fact that the only lots he won were Clarke lots — combined with his almost delusional protection of Clarke, one of the worst fraudsters the hobby has ever seen, seems to lead to the unmistakable conclusion that he was buying the lots back for JC.”  Our readers will also recall that Luckey and Clarke have something else in common: they both attempted to sell 1869 Peck and Snyder trade cards that were stolen from the NYPLs Spalding Collection. The FBI thwarted both sales.

Other Net54 members who were implicated on the list include attorney Peter Spaeth, Ron Goldberg, Greg Schwartz, Peter Garcia and Frank Foremny.  Net54 members have been tough on Spaeth but as one former 54 member told us, “Oddly enough there seems to be a code of silence on calling JC Clarke on the carpet.” That’s probably because Luckey has banned most every member who has pointed out his hobby indiscretions.

The Mastro shill-bidding list includes PSA expert John Reznikoff (far left); Heritage employee Peter Calderone (2nd left); PSA expert Kevin Keating (center). Victims on the list include Keith Olbermann (right) and NY Yankee owner Hal Steinbrenner (far right)

-John Reznikoff, a PSA employee who is listed on Collectors Universe’s “board of experts” was exposed as a serial shill bidder and the consignor of scores of items which were shill bid in tandem with Mastro and his employees. Reznikoff is currently under fire in the Michael Johnson vs. RR Auctions litigation where allegations of shill-bidding have been leveled against RR Auction owner Bob Eaton.  Sources indicate that Reznikoff’s shill bidding activity at RR is similar to his conduct with Mastro and even worse. One source who says he has knowledge that Reznikoff is currently being investigated by the FBI told us, “Rez is in deep trouble.” As Hauls of Shame reported last year, a deceased RR Auctions employee named Kay Burrisexecuted a sworn affidavit before her death describing illegal shill-bidding at the auction house which she claimed involved Bob Eaton and John Reznikoff.  In regard to Reznikoff Burris stated:

“A major consignor (to) R&R is allowed to bid on his own items to move up bids to the point that he is willing to sell the item. A special procedure was designed by Bob Eaton to permit collusion on prices, bid rigging; and profits for items placed into R&R auctions by Reznikoff.  Reznikoff’s bidder number is 204.”

In 2015 we reported, “Burris went on to describe further how Eaton and John Reznikoff engaged in shill bidding activity similar to the actions that took down auction kingpin Bill Mastro and Mastro Auctions.”

The Burris affidavit also stated:

“In any given auction, if Reznikoff “wins” his own item in a particular auction because he or Eaton could not max-out the bidding on that item with an unknowing bidder (or bidders), it is processed internally by Bill White differently than all other winning bids are processed- there is no sales invoice generated for him and the item shows as unsold on the “after auction profit list.” This system was designed by Bob Eaton, in direct collaboration with Reznikoff , so that Reznikoff was guaranteed a profit to his personal liking on any particular item; and a “no sale-no commission” policy so that he would continue to supply a higher quality (supposedly) number of items when R&R couldn’t get or didn’t have enough in any given auction. I know of numerous instances of this occurring over the past five years. Reznikoff consigns to almost every auction and has usually 10 or more items in each. Monthly consignor checks to Reznikoff range in value from $100’s to $100,000 each month.  He bids on his own items with the full knowledge and consent of Bob Eaton and Carla Eaton.”

-Zach Rullo, another Collectors Universe employee who works as a PSA/DNA authenticator with Steve Grad was also exposed for shilling lots in the Mastro sales. Rullo and Grad were close with Bill Mastro who was instrumental in giving both of them their start in the authentication business with Mastro Auctions and PSA.

-Kevin Keating, a West Point graduate and another expert employed by PSA appears on the list as a shill-bidder placing bids with Mastro executive Doug Allen on items owned by the auction house under the name “Historical Collectibles.”

-Dave Forman, the President of SGC is also identified on the list as having multiple lots shilled by his brother. Back in 2010, Forman filed a counterclaim against Mastro alleging that the auction house shill-bid items and used his account to place unauthorized bids.

President Obama sits in the bus alleged to be the actual vehicle Rosa Parks launched the civil rights movement from. Convicted felon Bill Mastro and Rob Lifson sold the bus to the Henry Ford Museum for $492,000 but its authenticity has been challenged. To the right is the cover of author Ron Keurajian's new book, "Collecting Historical Autographs."

-Goldin Auctions owner Ken Goldin is implicated on the list along with Daryl Abromowitz for shilling multiple lots in the Mastro sales as is Heritage Auctions employee Peter Calderone who was a Mastro employee at the time he shilled auction lots.  It is interesting to note that many of the illegal shilling techniques administered at Mastro auctions in Illinois are currently utilized by Heritage legally in Texas. Another Heritage employee included on the list as a shill bidder was Nicholas Dawes who also appears on thePBS TV show Antiques Roadshow as an appraiser. Other veteran auctioneers and dealers identified on the list include Ron Oser, Jerry Zuckerman, Andy Imperato and Irv Lerner.

The shill-bidding list was a hot topic in hobby circles over the weekend and one of the best observations we heard on the situation came from author and prominent Michigan attorney Ron Keurajian who told us, “There appears to be a continuing pattern of shill bidding, fraud, racketeering, and strong-arm tactics by the same core group of auctioneers, dealers, and authenticators all in an attempt to monopolize the sports memorabilia trade. Criminal prosecution under the RICO Act should be pursued by government and those who have been victimized should consider civil actions also allowed by the act.”

-Rob Lifson announced last week that he is retiring from the auction business and allegedly selling REA to his employee Brian Dwyer. In a statement released on the REA blog Lifson said one thing that caught our eye: “I am just retiring from auctions, not dying! My health is great and I am fortunate to have been very successful financially for many decades. I still enjoy the field very much and may actually expand my involvement in some ways, as well as become more involved with other types of collectibles (I have a special interest in political and civil rights collectibles, among other areas, for example).” Lifson’s interest in Civil Rights collectibles is notable in that when Lifson was partners with Bill Mastro he claimed to have discovered the actual bus that made civil rights pioneer Rosa Parks famous.  That bus was authenticated and offered byMastroNet in 2002 and purchased by the Henry Ford Museum for $492,000.  Independent investigations conducted by Hauls of Shame, however, have indicated that there was no credible evidence to support such a claim by Lifson and Mastro who are believed to have committed outright fraud in representing the bus was the vehicle that Parks refused to give up her seat on. In addition, several sources have told Hauls of Shamethey believe that both the Smithsonian and the Henry Ford Museum were shill bid when competing for the bus in the MastroNet auction.  Lifson, however, did not report Mastro’s shill bidding to the FBI in that instance. With the shilling so rampant at MastroNet, as evidenced in the government document, it is very likely that the auction house victimized the two deep-pocketed institutions.  As Lifson allegedly retires from the auction business he leaves a legacy as the auctioneer who has sold the most bogus baseball material in auction history and is the only auctioneer ever to be caught stealing rare artifacts from a public institution.

Ending this CHIN MUSIC episode on a rare positive note:

-Ron Keurajian recently completed a new book for collectors on how to spot forgeries of non-sports and historical autographs. Similar to his excellent book on the signatures of Baseball Hall of Famers, Keurajian lends his expertise to the examination of the signatures of historical figures ranging from Abraham Lincolnto Barak Obama. Collecting Historical Autographs: What To Buy, What To Pay and How To Spot Fakeswill be available to collectors this Summer and is being published by McFarland and Co..


  1. Is there a shadier, slimier business than the sports memorabilia industry? What a bunch of crooks.

    Comment by Paul — February 1, 2016 @ 5:44 am

  2. JC Clarke, Doug Allen, Bill Mastro, Leon Luckey: it’s like a scumbag Mt. Rushmore.

    Comment by David — February 1, 2016 @ 6:23 am

  3. the real issue is that ‘professional’ card grading (all companies) has both saved ‘the hobby’ and destroyed it

    without it, people would’ve given up collecting cards about 30 years ago; yet with it, the business model that has been created suffers from haphazard subjectivity and horrendous inconsistency

    auction houses and their dubious opaque tactics have always suffered from collusion and shilling, nothing really new here, don’t act surprised

    Comment by donald — February 1, 2016 @ 7:25 am

  4. It’s like a scumbag jamboree.

    Comment by Chris A — February 1, 2016 @ 7:39 am

  5. What a story, As a small time dealer 15-20 years ago at the old Fort Washington show, I wanted to be a big time player like the bums that are implicated in the story. I have to sit on fake graded PeeSA Mickey Mantle Rookies because they never told collectors their cases were being compromised. These bums would have resold them as authentic. Soon will will be able to attend sports card shows at the local prison. Many of our old friends will be there.

    Comment by Mike Ferriola — February 1, 2016 @ 8:07 am

  6. [...] Here's another article. Hauls of Shame – Breaking News [...]

    Pingback by I think i just set a record (Mastro shilling & PSA) - Page 2 - Blowout Cards Forums — February 1, 2016 @ 9:02 am

  7. I know many collectors out there like me have purchased items from MatroNet (and other auction houses) and are wondering whether they were a victim of shill bidding. Will a complete list of shill bids and winning bidders be released?

    Comment by Ralph Shapot — February 1, 2016 @ 10:59 am

  8. In a phone consult wit the FBI, they estimated I was shilled 22% above what should have been my winning bids. The problem is that all of this occurred before 1999. I remain surprised that Judge Guzman did not order some degree of restitution for Mastro’s victims.

    Comment by steve cummings — February 1, 2016 @ 11:05 am

  9. I agree that the auction scammers have damaged the hobby, but I disagree with Donald and Mike that PSA should be mentioned in the same paragraph with these criminals. PSA (and Beckett and SGC) aren’t perfect, but they have created enormous collector trust in slabbed cards, for good reason — they have done a terrific job over the years of accurately and consistently grading cards. Of course there’s an element of subjectivity to the process — but it’s also true that in this country trading cards are graded more accurately and with less conflict of interest than corporate bonds! Collectors Universe (parent of PSA) is a force for good in the hobby; without them, there would be chaos in the high-end vintage market. I do wish that CU/PSA would be more forthcoming about the vulnerabilities of their previous-generation holders, but I can also understand that disclosing more info might create more problems as new counterfeiters attempt to exploit those weaknesses.

    Comment by Mark Humphries — February 1, 2016 @ 11:12 am

  10. OMG. Reading this article and looking at the bidding records makes me want to take a Silkwood Shower.

    Scumbags abound everywhere on the records: Reznikoff (sorry, gotta wash my hands, ugh), Esposito, Mastro, TJ Schwartz, Imperato, Keating, Doug Allen (looks like a crooked politician)….it’s like a Who’s Who of Sleezeballs. The type of guy that shake your hand with a smile and proceed to bend you over the kitchen table.

    Anyone notice that three of the shill bidders names are still on the bottom of PSA’s letters ? (Reznikoff, Keating, Rullo)

    Tremendous article, but just so disheartening.


    Comment by Michael — February 1, 2016 @ 11:15 am

  11. I just read Leon Luckey’s rebuttal to the HOS article: basically, everything here is false because Pete Nash is a liar and should go to jail. Except that of the two, only one of them actually spent time in jail, Leon, for being a drug dealer. And Leon got caught lying about his Peck & Snyder card too. But Pete is the liar, got it. Fact is, if not for Pete Nash, Leon would have gotten away with selling a card stolen from the New York Public library. And Nash despite his past, has uncovered a lot of fraud. Leon just commits fraud, takes money from crooks who advertise on his site, and then protects his crooked friends on Net 54. You don’t make the Scumbag Mt. Rushmore for nothing.

    Comment by Mastro Monkey — February 1, 2016 @ 11:27 am

  12. why did SGC suddenly move to Boca Raton, FL this past week?

    timing sure seems a bit suspect…..

    Comment by donald — February 1, 2016 @ 12:47 pm

  13. Yes, very suspect. They planned the move two years ago because they knew that two years later Doug’s lawyers would for some reason known only to Doug make public a list of shill bidders prior to his sentencing. Or maybe just because Dave Forman moved to Florida and wanted to be within 1000 miles of the company he owns.

    Here’s something else suspect: why didn’t Leon deny he was in cahoots with that other redneck scumbag JC Clarke on the Mastro lots? Guess he just forgot.

    Comment by Mastro Monkey — February 1, 2016 @ 12:55 pm

  14. Leon has not denied it as of his recent posts. He won’t call out JC Clarke either. He wouldn’t write letters to the judge against Mastro either. He took Mastro’s gift and said it was much appreciated. What the hell is going on with Mr. Luckey?

    Comment by The Man With The Yellow Hat — February 1, 2016 @ 2:33 pm

  15. Those guys bash people on eBay all the time for selling $5 reprints but yet there scamming people for thousands with there shill bidding. Go figure.

    Comment by Steve — February 1, 2016 @ 2:39 pm

  16. If Net 54 was not so badly censored by Luckey, board members would quickly learn that he’s hated by the entirety of the hobby and trusted by no one.

    Comment by Bill C. — February 1, 2016 @ 3:30 pm

  17. [...] of Shame has a story on it this morning: Last edited by sallyruger; Today at 07:46 [...]

    Pingback by Of interest of Collectors... - Blowout Cards Forums — February 1, 2016 @ 4:46 pm

  18. Too bad nobody is looking at all the shill bidding on ebay card dealers!!!!

    Comment by Richard Morgan — February 1, 2016 @ 5:52 pm

  19. LOL Leon said that it’s a good thing there are losers in the world like pete nash because it makes it easier for him to be a success. He’s an ex-con drug dealer who got fired from his last job and has to resort to selling stolen cards, accepting gifts from Bill Mastro and covering up the fraud of his friends on Net 54 in order to earn any money. Sounds like a great success story, I’m sure we’re all jealous of that ape.

    Comment by Dan M — February 1, 2016 @ 6:02 pm

  20. Not completely sure whos to blame for all this- I think psa-sgc-beckett – have added value to the hobby- But in every aspect of life ,THIEVES will take advantage of people. I,like a lot of people reading this attend-set up-at many shows-we all know who the crooks are but they are still allowed at National show and others- Its time to clear the rooms of these guys-its time we stop supporting auction houses that have crooks working for them-And its definitely time to start taking back whats ours! If you see one of these crooks at a show and your on victims list like I am-do as im doing do,take what your owed back one way or the other. Its clear that no ones going make these guys do it on their own– pretty bad how little time will be served-or damages settled -that’s the real crime!

    Comment by Canada Larry — February 1, 2016 @ 8:34 pm

  21. Things are shaping up nicely for Collectors Universe. Reznikoff exposed as a shill bidding criminal basically confirming the allegations a bookkeeper made at RRAuctions before she died suspiciously. Zach Rullo joins Reznizoff as a shill bidding criminal along with PSA expert Kevin Keating

    Comment by Clueless Joe — February 2, 2016 @ 2:19 am

  22. Oops, I forgot to mention that Bill Mastro, the man who basically gave PSA its start, and Doug Allen, PSAs #1 cheerleader and testimonial giver, are both headed to prison while Nelson Deedle and Todd Mueller have filed major lawsuits against PSA and Collectors Universe alleging fraud and racketeering. And lets not forget Joe Orlando and Steve Grad will soon be sitting in a room being deposed on video in the Johnson vs RR Auctions case answering for all of the alleged fraud and faulty authentications done by the Pawn Star megalomaniac whose resume includes stalking Star Wars actors in hotel lobbies for their signatures. Gotta run, Ken Goldin’s on the other line, says he’s got some great PSA-9s in his upcoming auction. Says he’d like to see me get my ceiling bids in early.

    Comment by Clueless Joe — February 2, 2016 @ 2:31 am

  23. I think Reznikoff is in a tight spot and might crack and you will see accusations all over the place. There is no place to hide. PSA needs to do some house cleaning.

    Comment by The Man With The Yellow Hat — February 2, 2016 @ 10:12 am

  24. Luckey is losing his mind defending himself on Net 54, but why was he always defending Doug Allen and Mastro for years? Why defending that scumbag JC Clarke? He claims he never saw any evidence of their wrongdoing? Total bullshit. Certain collectors on the board were attacking Mastro and Allen 10 years ago while Leon just a few months ago was accepting gifts from Bill Mastro to write him a positive character letter when years earlier he claimed he was writing a NEGATIVE letter about Bill to the judge. And for Doug just a day or two ago he claimed he was “thinking” about writing a letter to the judge. Why is the guy who claims he does more than 99% of people in the hobby reluctant to write letters against Mastro and Allen, and why is he taking gifts from Mastro to write a positive letter for him? Why is he being accused of selling a stolen card that an FBI agent told him a year prior was stolen? Why does he protect JC Clarke on the board but now that he’s supposedly a victim of JC’s he doesn’t say a word? If this lowlife is what passes for someone who fights fraud in this hobby, we are all doomed.

    Comment by Mastro Monkey — February 2, 2016 @ 2:18 pm

  25. Hey there’s Leon Luckey, immediately sticking up for fraudster Ken Goldin. A Net 54 poster claims that the moderators (Leon) are trying to stop discussion of the Mastro fraud and pokes fun at Ken Goldin, convicted fraudster and Leon immediately supplies information fed to him by Goldin himself! Goldin won’t come on the board but why should he have to? He has the original Mastro Monkey, Leon Luckey, to advocate for him. Let’s see, which fraudtsers in the hobby (and/or banner advertisers) has Leon defended on Net 54 from Net 54 members who dare to criticize them? Mastro. Allen. Ken Goldin. JC CLarke. Leon Luckey. And the list goes on.

    Comment by I'll lie for food — February 3, 2016 @ 12:28 pm

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  • Expose the filthy Bill Shidders!

  • This statement in the responses;

    1. If Net 54 was not so badly censored by Luckey, board members would quickly learn that he’s hated by the entirety of the hobby and trusted by no one.

      Comment by Bill C. — February 1, 2016 @ 3:30 pm

    This statement isn't really true!

    Steve Crkyin and the shill bidders in RR Auction and Mastro love Leon Luckey

  • This has been some wonderful reading that is for sure.  It sure is something to see all this becoming public knowledge and people are finally going to prison for crimes, it's about time.  Glad to see more are coming also!

  • Bravo! Fellow Autograph Planet Members for having the courage and determination to NOT run and bury your head in the sand when it comes to tackling so many tough issues!

    Be it Shill bidding, Mob mentality, the latest styled forgeries, the list goes on and on, Autograph Planet allows freedom of discourse, encourages in depth analysis, satisfies intellectual curiosity.

    So many from other sites are seemingly in hiding, hanging their heads, unable to face that light that makes a way for truth to be known.

  • Shut up Vanderhoven! Santa is every bit as real as I am! You can take that to the bank.

  • As phoney as Santa Clause.


    Bet you thought he is real too. Double disappointment.

  • You mean to tell me that, after all of these years, the Christmas cards that I have been sending to Frank Diroberto have been for naught?

  • The shill bidding list can be found here.  All those implicated are still working for authentication houses and third party authentication companies.  No news on further indictments yet.

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